The main focus of the research within WASP is artificial intelligence and autonomous systems acting in collaboration with humans, adapting to and learning from their environment through sensors, information and knowledge, forming intelligent systems-of-systems. Software is the main enabler in these systems and is an integrated research theme of the program.

The research in WASP can be illustrated as a matrix with two dimensions, a strategic dimension and a thematic dimension. The strategic dimension emphasizes areas of impact on individuals, society, and industry, whereas the thematic areas represent the underlying scientific and technological challenges that are common to all types of autonomous systems.

The research is conducted at seven Swedish universities: Chalmers University of Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Linköping University, Lund University, Umeå University, Örebro University, and Uppsala University.