WASP is structured in two main dimensions: a strategic dimension and a thematic dimension. The strategic perspective emphasizes areas of impact on individuals, society, and industry, whereas the aim of the thematic areas is to encapsulate the underlying scientific and technological challenges that are common to all types of autonomous systems.

The strategic areas are (i) Vehicles, robots, and humans (ii) Systems of systems and (iii) Software.

The thematic areas are (a) Data analytics and learning (b) Collaboration and interaction, (c) Model-based systems engineering, (d) Networked and distributed systems, and (e) Software for engineering design, synthesis, and autonomous systems.